ethandwa:

Ukuthuthukiswa komsebenzi osemusha eSpain kusekelwe emsebenzini wesikhashana, kusho i-ILO

Izinga lokungaqashwa kwentsha eNtshonalanga Yurophu liyancipha ngenxa enkulu ekuthuthukiseni emazweni afana neSpain, i-France ne-Italy, nakuba ukuthuthukiswa ezweni lokuqala kubangelwa ikakhulukazi ekwandiseni umsebenzi wesikhashana, kusho namuhla i-International Labor Organization (ILO).

I-Geneva, ngo-Novemba 20 (EFE) .- Intsha yokungaqashwa kwemisebenzi eNtshonalanga Yurophu iyancipha ngoba ikakhulukazi ekuthuthukiseni emazweni anjengeSpain, eFrance nase-Italy, nakuba ukuthuthukiswa Izwe lokuqala lifanele ikakhulukazi ekwandiseni umsebenzi wesikhashana, kusho iNational Labour Organization (ILO) namuhla.

"I-Spain yawela phansi kakhulu futhi yangena phansi, ngakho manje Kukhona ukuthuthukiswa, ikakhulukazi ngenxa yokwanda komsebenzi womsebenzi wesikhashana, "umqondisi woMnyango Wezinqubomgomo Zokuqashwa ILO, u-Azita Berar Awad, uchaze enkomfeni yabezindaba. Umbiko wonyaka ngemikhuba yokuqashwa kwentsha.

Ngokusho kokulinganiswa kwe-ILO, ukungasebenzi kwentsha eSpain kuzokuma ngo-39.8% kulo nyaka, uma kuqhathaniswa no 44.2% ngo-2016 no-48%. % Ngonyaka owandulele.

kwelivi for 2018 amaphuzu izinga 37,2%.

Kodwa-ke, Berar Awad watshela Efe ukuthi ngcono Spain ziyingozi, Ngisebenza unyaka wonke futhi ngiya enkonzweni eyodwa yesikhathi esifushane. "

Lokhu kuchaza ukuthi, naphezu kokuthuthukiswa kwesilinganiso sokungasebenzi, abantu abasha eSpain babhekene nengozi yangempela yokuthi ngisho ukusebenza kuleso simo sobubha.

Uma idatha yakamuva ibonisa ukuthi emazweni aseYurophu (EU) abampofu abasebenza abampofu abamele u-12.5% ​​wabo bonke abasebenzi - uma kuqhathaniswa no-9.5% phakathi kwabantu abadala - lesi simo sisongela ku-20% abasebenzi abasha abasezizweni ezifana neSpain neGrisi. uma uhola okungaphansi kuka-60% wemali engenayo ezweni.

Lesi sithombe sikhombisa, ngokusho kokuhlaziywa kwe-ILO, ukuthi eminyakeni eyishumi emva kokuhlupheka okukhulu kokugcina kwezimali ezomnotho, abantu abasha bayaqhubeka nokuhlupheka.

Lo mbiko ubonisa ukuthi ukungasebenzi kwabantu abasha (phakathi kweminyaka engu-15 no-24 ubudala) eNtshonalanga Yurophu sekuwile ku-19.3% ngonyaka kuya ku-18.2% namuhla, okusho ukuthi "ekuziphendukeleni okuhle emazweni athile onokungaqashwa okukhulu".

Umbono wukuthi isimo kuleyo ngxenye yeYurophu siyaqhubeka nokuthuthukisa nokuthi Ukungaqashwa kwentsha kunama-17.8% ngonyaka owodwa.

Emhlabeni wonke, abantu abasha bahlupheka ngesimo esibi kakhulu emakethe yezabasebenzi futhi baveze ngaphezu kuka-35% Inani labantu abangasebenziyo emhlabeni.

Kulinganiselwa ukuthi kunezigidi ezingama-70.9 ezingaqashwa ezingasebenzi ngonyaka ka-2017.

Izinga lokungaqashwa kwentsha lizoba ngu-13.1% kulo nyaka. ukukhuphuka kancane kuqhathaniswa no-13.0% obhalisiwe ngonyaka odlule.

Ngo-2018, kulindeleke ukuthi uhlale uzinzile ngesilinganiso esifanayo.

Inani eliphakeme kunazo zonke lentsha yokungasebenzi lihambisana nezwe I-Arab (30%) neNyakatho Afrika (28.8%), ilandelwa yiLatin America neCaribbean.

Isifunda saseLatin America naseCaribbean kulindeleke ukuba sibhalise ukwanda okukhulu komsebenzi kulo nyaka. kusukela ngo-2004, ngokukhuphuka kwamaphesenti angu-19.6%.

Isizathu esiyinhloko yi-deceleration ephawulekayo yokukhula komnotho, ikakhulukazi umnotho omkhulu, njengeBrazil ne-Argentina, "lokho kwadonsela amandla okudalwa kwemisebenzi esifundeni, okwenziwe okwenzeka eminyakeni yamuva," kusho uBerar. Awad.

Kulo mongo, izindaba ezinhle esifundeni ukuthi isona lesibili eliphansi abasha abasebenza abampofu,% 10 kuphela abantu abasha abasebenza ezimweni ukuhlupheka okulinganiselayo noma okukhulu kakhulu, isilinganiso esilingana nesabantu abadala.

"Okumele kuvezwe eNingizimu America kuyithuthuka enkulu ekwenzeni umsebenzi kanye nokuthuthukiswa okulandelayo izinga lomsebenzi, "kusho umcwaningi omkhulu we-ILO u-Niall O'Higgins.

Ngokwengxenye yakhe, uBerar Awad waphawula ukuthi amazwe afana neBrazil, i-Argentina, eColombia naseMexico ayamukele izinqubomgomo zokwandisa ukuvikelwa komphakathi kulabo abasebenza emkhakheni ongakahleleki, emabhizinisini amancane nalabo abasebenza emsebenzini.

"Konke lokhu kubonisa ngokucacile umphumela wokuthi anganikeza izinqubomgomo zomphakathi zesikhathi eside, okungenani eminyakeni emihlanu kuya kweyishumi, ngaphandle kwemigomo yezomnotho. "

Umbiko we-ILO uphinde wagcizelela kabili ukubandlulula okuthinta abesifazane abasebasha ezimakethe zabasebenzi emhlabeni jikelele. Ngesikhathi sokubamba iqhaza kwabesifazane abasha emakethe yezabasebenzi 16.6% ngezansi lokho kwamadoda, nabo banesisindo sokungasebenzi kwabangu-34.4%, uma kuqhathaniswa namaphesenti angu-9.8% esigaba esifanayo.

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