ethandwa:

Ikusasa lokudoba i-bluefin tunadlalwa kusukela namhlanje eMarrakech

Ikusasa lokudoba i-tuna, futhi ikakhulukazi umkhiqizo walo omkhulu kakhulu, i-bluefin tuna, idlala namhlanje eMarrakech, lapho umhlangano weKhomishana uqalile khona I-International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).

Rabat, Nov. 14 (Efe) .- Ikusasa ukudoba i-tuna kanye ikakhulukazi umkhiqizo wawo iwuhlelo, bluefin tuna, udlalwa kusukela namhlanje e Marrakech, lapho uqalile lo umhlangano weKhomishini Yomhlaba Wonke Yokugcinwa kwe-Atlantic Tunas (i-ICCAT).

Ngokomthombo waseSpain utshele u-Efe emhlanganweni, kucatshangwa ukuthi kuvumela ukwanda kwamathani angu-23,000 wokudoba ngonyaka we-bluefin tuna emhlabeni wonke kuma-36,000 ngasekupheleni kuka-2020, lapho ikomidi lesayensi le-ICCAT liqinisekisile isimo esihle samasheya ezinhlanzi ngemva kweminyaka eyisishiyagalolunye yokunciphisa okukhulu.

Noma kunjalo, ukugxila kwezingxoxo, okuzohlala kuze kube sekupheleni kwe-22, kuyoba indlela yokusebenzisa lokhu ukwanda kwama-55%, uma kulingana ngonyaka ngamunye (18% ngonyaka) noma ngezinyathelo ezingaphezulu zokulondoloza, njengoba kuhlongozwa yizinhlangano ezahlukene zokulondoloza eziye zaholela ekuvikelweni kwezinhlobo eminyakeni yokugcina. I-tuna ye-bluefin, eyona umthengi womhlaba oyinhloko yiJapane, wabhekana neminyaka engu-90 no-2000 ukuxoshwa okukhulu okwenza i-ICCAT iqale ngo-2008 kakhulu ukulinganiselwa kwenani lemikhumbi enelungelo lokudoba, ngobuningi obuvunyelwe futhi ngesikhathi sokuthunjwa.

Lezi zinyathelo zibonakala zikhokhwe futhi iKomiti yeScientific ICCAT unikeze imvume yayo yokwandiswa kokubamba, isilinganiso esizozuza eNhlanganweni YaseYurophu ngaphezu kwakho konke, njengoba imikhumbi yayo ihamba ngezinhlanzi ezingu-59% zezinhlanzi eziyigugu zomhlaba i-tuna.

iSpain akuyona nje kuphela izwe elithatha izinhlanzi eziningi ze-bluefin ngaphakathi kwe-EU, kodwa futhi ezingeni lomhlaba jikelele futhi lizwe elinenani elikhulu le-tuna: izitsha zamanje zaseSpain ziye ilungelo lokudoba amathani angu-4 300, futhi ufisa ukuphakama angaba ngu-7 000, kodwa akanayo abaxoxisana nabo, kepha uhlanganisiwe ekuthunyeleni kweYurophu.

Enye yezinhloso zikaSpain kulo mhlangano eMarrakech, ozohlala kuze kube ngumhlaka-22, ukuvula ukudoba kwe-tuna ye-bluefin kuya ezikebheni ezingekho ezikhethekile zobuciko (okungukuthi, ukuhlala ekuthunjweni kwezinhlobo ezahlukene) esungulwe ogwini lwaseMedithera naseStrait nokuthi ngo-2008 ayengekho ematheni.

Ngokuvamile, iSpain izama ukwandisa inani le-bluefin tuna yenza ngezinye izindlela ezivulekile futhi ukwazi ukuzithuthukisa kakhulu kusukela ngo-2018, ngoba yiziphi ezibhekene nazo ikakhulukazi imikhakha yemvelo.

Lezi zinhlaka, ngenhlangano I-Ecologist i-PEW ekhanda layo, isuke ekusebenziseni izimpikiswano zokongiwa kwemvelo (uma nje ingozi yezilwane ikhutshwe ngaphandle) ekuhwebeni, efakazela ukuthi ukwanda okukhulu Ukubamba i-tuna eluhlaza kungakwazi ukufaka amanani abo futhi kubhubhise imakethe.

Nakuba i-bluefin tuna igxila kuyo yonke inzalo eMarrakech, umhlangano we-ICCAT uzobhekana nekusasa labanye i-tunas engaphansi, efana ne-bonito, i-shark noma i-bigeye tuna.

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