ethandwa:

I-EU izosebenzisa ukusebenzisana okufanayo ekuhlaselweni okukhulu kwe-cyber njengoba kwenza ekuhlaselweni okuhlomile

Amazwe e-European Union acubungula namuhla ukuthi ukuhlasela okukhulu kwe-cyber kungabangela ukuba kube nesigatshana esifanayo sokubambisana esinikezwe emthethweni waseYurophu ngamacala lapho uhulumeni ilungu lihlushwa ukuhlasela okuhlaselayo.

eBrussels, 20 Nov (EFE) - Amazwe aseYurophu asebheka namuhla ukuthi ukuhlaselwa kwe-cyber okukhulu kungabangela isigatshana esifanayo sobumbano esibheke emthethweni waseYurophu ngenxa yezimo lapho iLungu LaseLungu elibhekana khona nokuhlaselwa okuhlaselayo.

Izikhonzi zomphakathi, ukuhlangana eMkhandlwini Wezezindaba Ezijwayelekile, zamukele iziphetho lapho zilinganisa khona cyberthreats emikhulu ukuhlaselwa amasosha, ucabangela ukuthi kokubili isizathu kusebenze usizo mutual ukuHlangana, into NATO enza.

Council wagcizelela ukuthi " Isigameko esibi kakhulu noma inkinga ye-cyber ingaba isisekelo esanele sokuba uMbuso WeLungu ukhethe isigatshana se-EU sokubambisana nesigaba somsizi ngokubambisana ".

Ngokuqondile, izikhonzi zibhekisela ku-Article 42.7 ye-EU Treaty, echaza ukuthi uma izwe leNyunyana lingaphansi kokuhlukunyezwa okuhlomile endaweni yalo, Amanye amaLungu aseLungu "azohlinzeka usizo nosizo ngazo zonke izindlela abanakho."

Futhi ku-Article 222 yeSivumelwano esiSebenzayo se-EU, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi iLungu leLungu Uma kwenzeka ukuhlaselwa kwamaphekula noma inhlekelele, abanye kumele bamsize ngesicelo samagunya akhe.

Kuze kube manje, iFrance ibilokhu yedwa ukufaka isicelo sokuqala, ngesikhathi ukuhlaselwa kwamaphekula ezweni ngoNovemba 2015.

Lezi zikhonzi zibuye zakhumbula ukuthi ngaphambili zanikeza ukukhanya okuluhlaza ukuze kube khona ukujeziswa kulabo abathintekayo imisebenzi ye-cyber enonya.

"Uma iningi lamaphrofayela liyiqiniso futhi liphindaphindiwe ... lihlaselwe yi-cyber kanye nokuhlaselwa kwe-cyber kufanele uzivikele", waxwayisa UNobhala-Spanish of State-European Affairs, Jorge Toledo, e izitatimende kwabezindaba ngesikhathi sokubamba iqhaza lakhe Council namuhla.

Toledo kubhekwe ukuthi izinkinga esinazo ngokuhlinzeka Umphakathi wokuzimela waseSpain waseCatalonia "ungafakwa phakathi komqondo wokuhlaselwa kwe-cyber", njengengxenye yecebo elihleliwe lokuqedwa.

Wachaza ukuthi " kuqinisekisiwe iqiniso "ukuthi kube khona ukuhlaselwa kwe-cyber okuhlobene nombuzo waseCatalan owavela ezindaweni zaseRussia naseVenezuela, nakuba wakwenza kwacaca ukuthi uHulumeni waseSpain akakaze amangalele ngokuqondile iziphathimandla zanoma yiliphi izwe langaphandle.

AbeNgqongqoshe bavuma namuhla ukuthi izinsongo kulesi sikhungo sedijithali "zingaba nethonya kithi intando yeningi, ukuchuma, ukuzinza nokuvikeleka, "futhi wabiza ukubhekana nokuphepha kwe-intanethi" ngendlela ehambisanayo "emazingeni kazwelonke, omphakathi nakwamanye amazwe.

Ngokukhethekile, bacela ukuqinisa ukubambisana "ukuvimbela, ukuvimbela, ukuthola nokuphendula kuma-cyberthreats" futhi, ngesikhathi esifanayo, bakwazi "ukuphendula ngokuhlanganyela" kwizigameko ezinkulu ze-cyber kanye nemisebenzi ezinonya kuleyo ndawo ngaphesheya kwe-EU.

AbeNgqongqoshe bacele futhi "izinga eliqinile futhi elithembekile" lokubethelwa kwezokuxhumana nge-elektroniki, kubalulekile "ukuqinisekisa ukulungisa ngokwanele amalungelo abantu kanye nenkululeko eyisisekelo e-EU nokuzethemba komphakathi emakethe yangaphakathi, "kuyilapho iziphathimandla zingakwazi ukufinyelela" idatha edingekayo ukucwaninga kwabo. "

Babuye bacabange ukuthi kufanele bahlale beqhuba ukuzivivinya kwe-pan-European futhi bafunde ekuhlangenwe nakho kwabo ukuze bathuthukise ukulungela kwabo ukuhlasela okukhulu kwe-intanethi.

Emsebenzini wokwenza umthetho ukuze uqalise isitifikedi se-European cybersecurity for amadivaysi ahlukene, ngesikhathi sokuthuthukiswa okukhulu ukuphathwa kwe-intanethi, i-e-commerce noma i-intanethi yezinto, izikhonzi zifuna ukuphendula emazingeni aphakeme kakhulu lapho kubhekene nezinsongo " imakethe kanye nabasebenzisi. "

Ukuze ubhekane nalezi zingsongo, amazwe acela i-European Commission ukuba ahlolwe umthelela futhi afake isisekelo phakathi nonyaka ozayo. zomthetho ezidingekayo ukwakha inethiwekhi umphakathi cybersecurity.

Futhi wanxusa ukuqinisa ukuqeqeshwa abaqeqeshiwe kanye ukuthuthukisa amakhono digital, futhi ukuqhubeka ukubambisana ne-NATO mayelana nokusetshenziswa kwe-cyberthreats.

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