ethandwa:

Abavukuzi "abathintekayo" bazibophezele ekuthuthukisweni okusimeme, kusho uchwepheshe

Izinkampani zezimayini "ezinzima" esifundazweni zithuthukisa futhi zisebenze ngamasu okushintsha isimo se-enclave kulowo ozinikezele ekuthuthukisweni okusimeme, imvelo kanye ukufakwa, futhi okuhlangenwe nakho okuphumelele kakhulu yiphrojekthi yethusi e-Panama ephula i-archetype yokuqala yokuxhaphaza.

I-Panama, Nov 18 (EFE) .- Izinkampani ezimbiwa kakhulu zezimayini zendawo zivuselela futhi zisebenze ngamasu okushintsha isimo se-enclave kulowo ozinikezele ekuthuthukisweni okusimeme, imvelo kanye nokufakwa, futhi okuhlangenwe nakho okuphumelele kakhulu yiphrojekthi yethusi e-Panama ephula i-archetype yokuqala yokuxhaphaza.

Le ngenhla yilokho okwaqokonyiswa ekuxoxweni no-Efe umongameli weMining Chamber of Panama (Camipa), uZorel Morales, ngesikhathi iMining International Exining Central America neCaribbean 2017, ebanjwe kuleli sonto enhloko-dolobha I-Panamaan.

E-Mine Expo, ehlelwe yiCamipa kanye neCentral American neCaribbean Mining Federation, ochwepheshe baseLatin American bahlaziye lezi zithombe ezikhanyisayo kule imboni.

UMorales wavuma ukuthi ukumbiwa kwezimayini "kunomthwalo wesikhathi esedlule okuwukuthi amaphutha amaningi akwenziwe, njengendlela yokwenza i-enclave eyafika, yathatha, yaqeda i-mine nayo yonke into yayifanayo noma eyimbi kunokuba ngaphambi kokuba imayini ilapho, "kodwa manje kukhona enye imodeli yesenzo engxenyeni yezinkampani ezinkulu zezimayini."

Njengamanje, ngokusho umqondisi weCamipa, akukhona kuphela ukwenza izinto ngokuqondile kusukela ekubukeni kokusebenza kwenkampani, kodwa futhi "ukwenza okuhle njengomakhelwane omuhle emphakathini lapho asebenza. "Ngaphezu kwalokho, wathi, kuneziqondiso ezibuye" zishintshe, zithinte noma zenze izinkampani, zibagqugquzele ukuba zihambisane nazo njalo ukuqhuba. "

Waqokomisa ngomqondo wokuthi eCentral America naseCaribbean izwe elikhangayo kakhulu ngesikhathi sokutshala imali kwezimayini yiNicaragua, ngoba uHulumeni" ngqo " ukusekela imboni yezimayini, ngoba "ithole ukuthi ngezimayini ingaba nezindawo ezikude ezihluphekile."

Ngisho, wathi, "manje kukhona izinhlelo zesifunda lapho Basebenzisa ochwepheshe, ukudala lo mbono omusha noma indima entsha ezinkampanini zendlela yokuba yesikhulumi sokuthuthukiswa, hhayi nje ama-enclaves. "

Wagcizelela ukuthi ngokuqondile, ngokufanayo I-Minera Expo, i-Latin American Mining Organisation yabamba umhlangano jikelele lapho bekhuluma ngokusungulwa kwezinhlelo zokwenza, "okufuna ukuthi lezo zinkampani zithuthukise indlela yazo isinyathelo "nokuthi" izikhali zombuso ezizoqondisa imiklamo yezimayini zizoqiniswa. "

UMorales uqinisekisile ukuthi" isipiliyoni sokukhiqizwa kwezimayini esiphumelele kunazo zonke "nakwaleli elisha imodi yesenzo "yiyona eyenzeka lapha ePanama neprojekthi yezimayini ze-Cobre Panama", esifundazweni saseCaribbean saseColón.

Inkampani ephethwe iCobre Panamá yiyona I-Panamanian Minera Panamá, insizakalo yeCanada Quantum Minerals yaseCanada, ephethe amasheya angu-80% wephrojekthi.

"Iphrojekthi yomhlaba wonke, iphrojekthi okukhulu, okwakhiwe ukwakhiwa kwalo ngempumelelo enkulu, hhayi kuphela esimweni sezomnotho noma kwezobuchwepheshe, kodwa futhi nasesimweni sezenhlalakahle nezendawo, "kusho uMorales.

Endaweni lapho i-Minera Panamá isebenza khona, izinhlelo zokuhweba ziye zenziwa ngokusebenzisa ama-cooperative amathathu asetshenziswayo ahlinzekela cishe ama-60 amathani ezinyanga zonke zezithelo nemifino ekusebenzeni kwemayini.

Lezi yizinto ezenziwa ngokufanayo emayini, ukuthi lapho kusetshenziselwa ukuqhutshwa kobhedu kuzohlala. eyakhiwe ingqalasizinda efana nemigwaqo, izikole kanye nokufakelwa kwamandla.

Endaweni engokwemvelo, wanezela, le phrojekthi iye yaletha njengenzuzo "ukuthuthukisa nokulondeka nokuvikelwa wezinto eziphilayo lapho isebenza khona ", okuyinto iModiamerican Biological Corridor.

I-Biological Corridor" yindawo evikelekile kepha akukaze kube khona imali ukuyivikela, futhi manje ngeprojekthi leyo ndawo ivikelwe, i-flora nezilwane zibhekwa, nanoma iyiphi inombolo yamakhamera afakwe kulo lonke indawo ", uqinisekisiwe.

I-Minera Panama iphinde yazinikela kwi-Environmental Impact Study (EIA) ukuze ivuselele indawo lapho isebenza khona futhi lapho ngo-2040, lapho ukuphila okuwusizo iphrojekthi, ihlangene namahektha angu-250,000 ehlathi le-Biological Corridor eyashiywe lapho ukwakhiwa kwemayini kuqala.

Wakhumbula ukuthi le ndawo evikelekile cishe amahektha ayizigidi eziyingxenye nesigamu ehlathini ekudalweni kwayo ngo-1997, kodwa ukuthi imfuyo yezolimo kanye nokuphila okungekho emthethweni, yanciphisa yaba ngu-250,000 amahektare.

Le phrojekthi, kusho uZorel Morales, "ihambise inzuzo ekuthuthukiseni ukulondolozwa nokuvikelwa okusebenzayo kwezinto eziphilayo lapho kusebenza khona, okwehlisa inkolelo yokuthi izimayini ziza kuphela ekuqedeni imvelo bese ushiya imfucuza. "

" Iphadi lokuqala lethusi alisathunyelwa futhi sesivele sinezinzuzo zokuhleleka komphakathi kanye nomyalelo imvelo. "

Lokhu" kubuka abantu abaningi, kuyisibonelo ukuthi noma ngabe ngiya kuphi ukunikeza izinkulumo, lapha nakwamanye amazwe, kuyamangaza ".

umnotho, nakuba imayini isakhiwe futhi ngeke isebenze kuze kufike ngo-2019, kulinganiselwa ukuthi izokhiqiza amathani amathani angama-320 000 no-350 000 ngonyaka, cishe u-2 000 million izinsimbi zalo mkhiqizo wePanama uzothengisa.

Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi umkhakha wezimayini kuleli zwe uvela ekubeni ngu-1.5% weMpahla Yomhlaba Omkhulu (GDP) kuya ku-10.5%, ngokubheka intengo yethusi ithula futhi ifike ngaphezu kwama-dollar ayi-3.5.

"Umkhakha wezimayini uzoba umkhakha obaluleke kakhulu futhi enye yezinsika zomnotho wezwe", kusho umengameli weMining Chamber of Panama.

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